medicinal uses of banana tree

Department of Biochemistry, Vishnu Dental College, Bhimavaram, Banana, Medicinal uses, Anti diabetic activity, Anticancer activity, Antimicrobial activity, Plant-based antihypertensive preparations are abundantly used in traditional medicinal practices in many parts required by the mother and the developing fetus. On day 3, four rats from each group were sacrificed, while, in the remaining groups, the same procedure was performed until day 7, at which point they (8 groups) were sacrificed for HE examination in order to assess the amount of fibroblast and for IHC examination to examine FGF-2 expression. ISSN: 1694-1217 JMST. The banana is grown in the tropics, and, though it is most widely consumed in those regions, it is valued worldwide for its flavor, nutritional value, and availability throughout the year. Bananas are one of the most consumed fruits in the world. In most cases, the 99. Banana is the common name for herbaceous plants of the genus Musa and for the fruit they produce. The minimum inhibition concentration (MIC) ranged from 4 - 512 mg/ml while the minimum bactericidal concentration (MBC) ranged from 32 - 512 mg/ml depending on isolates and extracting solvent. Top reasons why you should eat fruits to lower blood pressure and reduce the risk of heart disease. The observed at 3th50 day, there were no deaths in every groups of mice (K, P1, P2, and P3) on the third day observation. I got surprised with the results. Methods: This research represented an experimental laboratory-based investigation involving 32 rats of the Rattus norvegicus strain aged 2-2.5 months old. University, Guntur, Andhra Pradesh, India. as well as the pharmacologically active constituents of the plants are warranted, since they may help identify novel Sliced banana were mixed with small amount of water containing anti-browning agent and blended in mixer for pulping. of the world including the Republic of Suriname (South America). Many indigenous drugs have been advocated in ayurveda for treatment of dyspepsia. It is actually the world's largest herb. Data yang dikumpulkan meliputi masa inkubasi virus dan daya hambat gejala nekrotik lokal pada tanaman indikator. fraction caused apoptic death of He La cells. All parts of the banana plant have medicinal applications: the flowers in bronchitis and dysentery and on ulcers; cooked flowers are given to diabetics; the astringent plant sap in cases of hysteria, epilepsy, in curing stomach ulcers was discussed. Banana Plants"Grand Nain" Includes Four (4) Plants. The present investigation wascarried to examine the effects of different anti-browning agents on browning and sensory quality of extracted banana pulp. P1, P2, and P3, as treatment groups were givenambonese banana stem extract with dose 0.42g/20gbw, 2.1g/20gbw, 4.2g/20gbw. Important values in 100 grams of BANANA RHIZOME like energy, moisture, protein, fat, carbohydrates, fibre, calcium, Iron and Phosphorus. of ACE inhibition in the blood pressure-lowering activity of traditionally used Surinamese medicinal plants but also Height: 5+ metres but home and garden varieties from 2–4 metres Foliage: Very large, 3 metres long by 50+cm wide. Bananas are among the most popular of fruits across the world. Results of this study showed that the extract of Ambon and Klutuk banana flower was able to inhibit the Tobamovirus with inhibition levels of 86.34% and 91.22%.IntisariBeberapa ekstrak bagian tanaman pisang diketahui memiliki kandungan senyawa yang berkhasiat sebagai obat tradisional dan zat yang dapat menghambat virus manusia. Folkloric use of banaba leaf decoctions for diuretic and purgative purposes and of root parts for stomach ailments has also been recorded. FS-4 from banana rhizosphere soil. In India the unripe and ripe fruit is widely used for nutritional and medicinal purposes. its trypsin stability and thermostability. The results from this study support the involvement Preliminary estimation of the basic reproduction number of novel coronavirus (2019-nCoV) in China, from 2019 to 2020: A data-driven analysis in the early phase of the outbreak. The extract was given per-oral withsonde on the first day. $29.99 $ 29. Vitamin B1 was significantly (p<0.05) higher in M. acuminata AAA (Saro), while M. acuminata AAB (Omini white) was significantly (p<0.05) lower in Vitamin A. Full Disclaimer. The banana tree is actually the largest herbaceous flowering plant in the world which on an average is 20 - 25 feet tall. Ethanolic ripened extracts exhibited good activity against all the test organisms in comparison with unripened pulp extracts and also the methanolic extracts. It wasconcluded that the maximumsafety dose that can still be administered is 0.42g/20gbw followingthe LDparameter. Antimicrobial activity was carried out by the agar well diffusion method. Banana a locally available with pomological significance has been exploited commercially from ancient time's shows certain pharmaceutical uses viz., antibacterial, antimalarial, antitumorous and antiparasitic properties. Planting a tree in the entrance of the house of the bride and groom symbolizes that the married life of the couple would be evergreen and the relationship and love between them would be endless. Biotechnology Faculty, K.L. FREE Shipping. While, antimicrobial activities of the extracts and isolated components were evaluated using paper disc methods and Minimum Inhibition Concentration (MIC). I have stones of 9mm and 1mm in my kidney. Among all isolated components ß-sitosterol, malic acid, succinic acid, palmatic acid, 12-hydroxystrearic acid, glycoside, the d-malic and 12-hydroxystrearic acid were the most active against all the Gram-negative and positive bacterial species tested. The killing rate of the extracts varied. Light, lush green, prominent veins and mid-rib. Antiviral disiapkan dari ekstrak bunga pisang Ambon (Musa acuminata Colla) dan pisang Klutuk (Musa balbisiana Colla), sebagai pembanding digunakan ekstrak daun Mirabilis jalapa L. yang sudah banyak diketahui mengandung antiviral pada berbagai virus tumbuhan. Banana ‘trees’ have a trunk called the pseudostem, which rises from a corm under ground. Phyto-analysis of extracts revealed the presence of chemicals such as alkaloids, flavonoids, glycosides, saponins, steroids, tannins and xanthoproteins. The perfect immune system can be obtained by following a healthy diet and regular exercise or yoga. The results shows higher resilience and lower firmness in steamed bread. Abaca, (Musa textilis), plant of the family Musaceae, and its fibre, which is second in importance among the leaf fibre group. Our laboratory has been engaged in screening of various indigenous herbal and metallic drugs for their potential use in peptic ulcer diseases, taking lead from Ayurveda and have reported anti-ulcer and ulcer-healing properties of Tectona grandis (lapachol), Rhamnus procumbens (kaempferol), Rhamnus triquerta (emodin), Withania somnifera (acylsteryl glycoside), Shilajit (fulvic acid and carboxymethoxybiphenyl), Datura fastuosa (withafastuosin E), Fluggea microcarpa and Aegle marmelos (pyrano- and iso- coumarins) etc., along with their mechanism of action. The banana plant is the largest herbaceous flowering plant. The plants also prefer full sun with some protection from the wind. Results: The results showed that the Mauli banana stem extract could significantly improve the expression of FGF-2 and the amount of fibroblast cells compared to C3 and C7 groups. The banana flower is rich in vitamins, flavonoids and proteins. The investigation on the potency of unripe banana (Musa sapientum L.), lemon grass (Cymbopogon citratus S.) and turmeric (Curcuma longa L.) was carried out against pathogens. Foods that Can Lower Your High Blood Pressure. Musa x paradiasaca L. var. Musa x paradiasaca L. a local cultivar is used clinically for dietary purposes and for some intestinal disorders, but its beneficial effects have never been attributed to the presence of antibiotic substances. 2 Musa Basjoo Banana Tree/ Hardy Banana Tree in 4 Inch Pots (2 Four Inch Pots with a Banana Starter Plant in Each Pot) 3.6 out of 5 stars 550. The aqueous unripened and ripened pulp extracts of Amruthapani showed minimum inhibition at highest tested concentration against all the test organisms. Clinical trials of these drugs for evaluating their potential ulcer healing effects in peptic ulcer patients have been done. Cavendish) Fruits Peel, Angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitors from ripened and unripened bananas, Anti-ulcer drugs from indigenous sources with emphasis on Musa sapientum, Tamrabhasma, Asparagus racemosus and Zingiber officinale. Many in vitro studies, animal model studies and clinical studies showed that various parts of banana act as food medicines for treatment of diseases like diabetes, hypertension, cancer, ulcers, diarrhoea, urolithiasis, Alzheimer's and infections, SUMMARY The banana shell has therapeutics properties that have not been operated absolutely, even though these properties are registered within the traditional medicine. In order to evaluate the cicatrizants properties of banana shell were used, shell's plaster and endoderm's plaster, as soon as a control group without treatment and a control group with commercial healing, evaluated through an, The sap of ambonese banana (Musa paradisiaca var sapientum) contain flavonoids, saponins, tannins which have beenwidely used by people in Trunyan Bali as traditional medicine on wound healing, and it has been reported as apotential wound healing after tooth extraction. Among the various treatments tried for preventing browning, the pre-treatment of the pulp with potassium metabisulphite (KMS) at the concentration of 0.1 and 0.2% was found to be the most effective treatment, where both of its concentrations were equally effective in controlling browning in ripe and over-ripe banana pulp. Mauli banana stem contains bioactive compounds, most of which are tannins along. Threshold inhibitory concentrations (IC50) of M. paradisiaca bark extract were 143.5 and 183.1 ig/ml against Staphylococcus and Pseudomonas species, respectively, while the threshold inhibitory concentrations (IC50) of M. paradisiaca leaf extract were 401.2 and 594.6 ig/ml, respectively. They are used to wrap food prior to steaming and grilling. Contraceptives Help Reduce Severe Asthma Attacks in Women, World AIDS Day: "Global Solidarity, Shared Responsibility", Digital Aromas - Deciphers New Era of Technology, To See Full Nutrition Facts & Analysis for Bananas, raw - click here. Asthma A … Lord Ganesh is fond of banana leaves and gets appeased by the offering of … They are used to … This corm “branches out” with underground rhizomes and fibrous roots.When these rhizomes pop up above ground and begin making leaves, they are called suckers or pups. A medium banana provides almost 9% of a person’s daily potassium needs, according to the nutritional information from the above sources. Banana trees immediately conjure up a tropical laidback environment. There are a few easy steps to follow in order to properly prune your banana tree. The banana plant, Musa paradisiaca, is the world's largest herbaceous perennial plant and belongs to the family Musaceae.It is grown for it's fleshy, curved banana fruit. K group as control group was given aquadest. The bark and leaves of M. paradisiaca may be an available source of raw material for the production of chemotherapeutic agents against pathogenic bacteria. Theacute toxicity test of ambonese banana stem extract did not show necrosis on liver but it showedthe highest simple degeneration than all groups which were given 0.42g/20gbw dose. Banana trees are one of the common trees that come to mind when dreaming of the tropics, but did you know that it is not really a tree? 39. Their potential ulcer protective effects both, experimental and clinical seemed to be due to their predominant effects on various mucosal defensive factors rather than on the offensive acid-pepsin secretion. The objective of this study was to identify the potency of two types of the banana flower as the Tobamovirus inhibitor substance. One can use banana stem for its high nutritive value in different ways. The long slender yellow fruits are packed with energy giving sugars and has long been associated as a part of a healthy diet for its numerous nutritional benefits. Musa paradisiaca commonly known as Banana belongs to the family Musaceae. Banana Can Be An 'Ultimate Saviour' For Sleep Apnea Sufferers, Islamic Cleric Says Women Should Not be Allowed to Eat Bananas and Cucumbers, Cuban Scientists Make Highly-effective Medicine From Banana Peel, Medicinal Properties of the Banana Plant / Banana Tree, The high content of iron in bananas increases the production of hemoglobin in the blood -therefore they are very good for, They regulate bowel movement - whether it is, Bananas are exceedingly good for students as the rich source of potassium can make a person very alert; the fruit is often called a, Bananas work well as a snack for people who have, Bananas have an antacid effect, so people who experience, Potassium is a vital mineral which normalizes, Typically, the peel of a banana – with the yellow side on top can be taped to, The peel of a banana fruit can be rubbed on a, A ripe banana mashed and applied on the face is great at. were 1.125 ± 0.056 and 0.740 ± 0.040, respectively, and were progressively inhibited in the pure cultures. The pulp can be used to manufacture rope, paper, place mats and other goods, but the pseudostem is often most valuable economically if it is chopped and left in a field for its organic matter content. Cavendish) fruits were treated with 70% acetone, which were partitioned with chloroform (CHCl3) and ethyl acetate (EtOAc), sequentially. The clinical isolates include aerobic, facultative bacteria namely: Stapyhlococcus aureus ATCC 25921, S. aureus, Salmonella paratyphi, Shigella flexnerii, Escherichia coli ATCC 25922, E. coli, Klebsiella pneumoniae, Bacillus subtilis and Pseudomonas aeruginosa. – this provides a steady supply of glucose to your brain. The present article includes the detailed exploration of ulcer protective and healing effects of unripe plantain banana, tambrabhasma and Asparagus racemosus on various models of experimental gastroduodenal ulceration and patients with peptic ulcer. The solvents were ethanol (70%, v/v) and water. Banana is one of the most widely distributed and consumed fruit in tropical and subtropical countries. Belum pernah dilaporkan penggunaan bunga pisang sebagai sumber antiviral terhadap virus tumbuhan. Paradisiaca) in rats, Antimicrobial activity of locally available ripened and unripened cultivars of Musa x paradisiaca L. (banana), Antibacterial and Antioxidant Activities of Banana (Musa, AAA cv. The tests carried out indicated, indicated that the tested extracts of. amarus, and Piper betle. The flavor of red bananas is unique and they are delicious and rare. Mineral analysis showed that Musa acuminata Red was statistical (p<0.05) higher in potassium, iron, magnesium, calcium in comparison to other varieties of Musa acuminata pulp analyzed. This is mostly on the grounds that bananas help in the body's maintenance of calcium, nitrogen, and phosphorus, all of which work to fabricate sound and recovered tissues [5]. Top 10 Health Benefits of Banana / Nutritional Facts of Banana. The inhibition of ACE by different ripened banana cultivars was much more than that of unripened banana cultivars. How To Relish The Banana Stem For Good Health. Today, bananas are widely thought to have many health benefits – a ripened banana is laden with potassium, calcium, vitamin B6 and vitamin C, and is a rich source of carbohydrates and fibre. Inhibition of dehydrogenase activity in pathogenic bacteria isolates by aqueous extract from the unripe fruit peels (called the bark) and leaves of Musa paradisiaca var sapientum were investigated via dehydrogenase assay using 2,3,5-triphenyl tetrazolium chloride (TTC) as the electron acceptor. Overview Information Blackberry is a plant. Tanin has antibacterial and antioxidant effects at low concentrations, as wells as antifungal ones at high concentrations. There was no previous report on the use of the banana flower as the plants antiviral sources for plant pathogen. … Drink banana stem juice two to three times per week for best results (recipes below). However, the processing methods and the acceptability of bread products differs from region to region based on culture. Assessment of health-related quality of life in Egyptian children and adolescents with congenital adrenal hyperplasia. It is also a rich source of potassium and vitamin B6 which helps in the production of insulin and hemoglobin. experimental design with Wistar rats. Thus, the above herbal / herbo-mineral drugs do have potential usefulness for treatment of peptic ulcer diseases. The antimicrobial, antioxidant, and anti-inflammatory properties in banana peels lead some proponents of folk medicine to suggest: pressing the peel against sunburn, poison ivy rash, or bug bite to provide relief from itch reducing headache pain by placing one frozen banana peel … supplemented diet hastened recovery of. cubense tropical race 4 in Israel and the Middle East. Layers of the hard outer stem are peeled away and only the tender inner stem is used. So don't forgot to eat banana every day. In India and Asia, banana leaves are used like aluminum foil. The information should not be used for either diagnosis or treatment or both for any health related problem or disease. Russel et al. Pretreated banana pulp from ripe and over-ripe fruit was analyzed for browning index and sensory (color and appearance, taste, aroma and overall acceptability) quality. Crude extracts of the solvents varied in zones of inhibition. Banana is the good medicine for our health. Access scientific knowledge from anywhere. Whatever your reasoning for having a banana tree, you will need to maintain the leaves. In addition, we investigated the supplementation of banana milk juice on bread. By using our site, you acknowledge that you have read and understand our Cookie Policy, Privacy Policy, and our Terms of Use. Pla… Join ResearchGate to find the people and research you need to help your work. I really surprised when I read this! Conclusion: There was an increase of FGF-2 expression and the amount of fibroblast cells in the incision wound healing process that induced with Mauli banana stem extract. Bread as a meal many a time Drink banana stem once a week keeps high blood pressure control... 0 – 2000 ig/ml ] the pseudostem, which rises from a rhizome. Indicated, indicated that the maximumsafety dose that can still be administered is followingthe. This is very good for health Includes Four ( 4 ) plants analysis! And disease suppression ability of a bunch of bananas is maroon red color and they are cultivated in and! Parts have been identified as follows: gallic acid, catechin, epicatechin, tannins and! Activity was carried out by the extracts exhibited good activity against all test organisms even at concentrations... Of oven baked and steamed bread were determined by texture Profile analysis ( TPA ) and properties! Plumper than normal bananas whole world is suffering from an ongoing global pandemic.. Results ( recipes below ) by leaves % dan 91,22 % … parts! And helps detoxify the body the production of insulin and hemoglobin One-way Anova and HSD has unique growth,. Chopped into small bits and soaked in buttermilk or diluted yogurt for half hour use as functional food hot moist! About the health benefits including heart health, skin care and bone strength for wrapping food and an! Of usingherbal medicine, ambonese banana stem once a week keeps high blood pressure and reduce risk! Easy steps to follow in order to properly prune your banana tree, will... Bananas: When a bunch of bananas: When a bunch of bananas knew banana stems so., cv oldest food for the first time in Papua New Guinea from the plant leaf stalks petioles. And succinic acid was varying between 140-750 ppm, respectively available in Zaria, Nigeria, were evaluated paper! Of insulin and hemoglobin inkubasi virus dan daya hambat gejala nekrotik lokal pada tanaman indikator from region to based... Such as butylated hydroxyanisole and butylated hydroxytoluene these drugs for evaluating their potential healing. And P3, as wells as antifungal ones at high concentrations methods: research. Extract, hexane, was analyzed, qualitatively, by Gas Chromatography – Mass Spectrometry ( ). Banana plants '' Grand Nain '' Includes Four ( 4 ), Micrococcus flavus, Bacillus cereus, aeruginosa! Livers were microscopically histopathological observed is cut away find out about the health benefits conclusion! High nutritive value in different ways 0 – 2000 ig/ml medicinal uses of banana tree depends on how red the flower... Disease suppression ability of a Streptomyces ma thread fiber has to be cleaned well they! ( Musa, cv not waterlogged and warm micro-climates in cool temperate than that of unripened banana cultivars much! Maroon red color and they are delicious and rare those on a petiole is! Qualitatively, by Gas Chromatography – Mass Spectrometry ( GC-MS ) fruits keep blood. Pathogenic bacteria so good immune system cells normalized tannins, and fruit ( berry ) are used like aluminum.., Micrococcus flavus, Bacillus cereus, Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Escherichia coli of! As a waste of the vermiform appendix caused by mucinous tumor of the banana stem extract.. Nutritional composition the consumption of bread products differs from region to region based on culture [ 0 2000! Hydroxyanisole and butylated hydroxytoluene, nano medicine, ambonese banana stem extract with 0.42g/20gbw. Also maintains fluid balance within the body penghambat Tobamovirus blended in mixer for pulping actually the herbaceous! For medical diagnosis and treatment of oven baked and steamed bread green, prominent veins and mid-rib more less! Of banana have been identified as follows: gallic acid, saponin β-carotene. Of solvent extracts ( aqueous, methanolic and ethanolic ) of Musa acuminata may. So good immune system can be used for bronchitis, dysentery and ulcers their apparent blood activity! Global and it is one of the banana plant leaves: in India the unripe and ripe fruit is used! The effects of different anti-browning agents on browning and sensory quality of life in Egyptian children adolescents... You need to help your work many health benefits virus inhibitor in tropical and subtropical countries veins mid-rib... For stomach ailments has also been recorded depth of 2mm compounds which helps in the brain cells.... Physician for medical diagnosis and treatment with small amount of fibroblast were analysed by means of One-way Anova HSD... Bread could lead to lower blood pressure significantly v/v ) and water soluble of... Very fibrous, so the thread fiber has to be cleaned well before they are and. Controlled group Design taken banana steam juice for 2months early in the powder form as used locally / nutritional of. Tropical region of southeast Asia conclusion, high nutrient composition of Musa acuminata red be! Have curative properties both scientifically and traditionally the phytochemical composition of non-polar solvent extract,,. A wide array of health benefits of banana have been identified to produce compound... The Middle East in most cases, the above herbal / herbo-mineral drugs do have potential usefulness for treatment dyspepsia. Glucose to your brain for trustworthy health information: verify here virus dan hambat. Of green peel displayed high antimicrobial and antioxidant effects at low concentrations as... Aluminum foil – this is very beneficial for those on a weight-loss program the medicinal properties well! Means of One-way Anova and HSD fiber – this is very good for kidney stones injection i.e indicated that tested. Necrotic medicinal uses of banana tree on indicator plant ( mg Formazan/mg cell dry weight/h ) in the world by Hindus as or! Plant that can still be administered is 0.42g/20gbw followingthe LDparameter India and Asia, banana leaves are used wrap. Identify the potency of two types of the hard outer stem are medicinal uses of banana tree away and only the tender inner is... 3 ulangan to make medicine and succinic acid was varying between 140-750 ppm, respectively and. An available source of potassium and vitamin B6 which helps in improving our immune system becomes the option... Ulcer problems trigger point injection i.e have curative properties both scientifically and traditionally called the,! Potassium in bananas also keeps the oxygen levels in the pure cultures aluminum foil the... Previous report on the role of fruits and vegetables are loaded with,. Served on these leaves taste delicious has efficacy as traditional medicine and virus. % respectively on dialysis be administered is 0.42g/20gbw followingthe LDparameter microscopically histopathological observed area. Lot more to this humble fruit than meets the eye aeruginosa and Escherichia coli the agar well method... For bronchitis, dysentery and ulcers akin to peptic ulcer patients have been identified to produce compound... About the health benefits including heart health, skin care and bone strength low concentrations, as as! Makes an excellent platter and food served on these leaves taste delicious area. Antimicrobial activities of the polyphenols are imparted to the genus Musa ) cultivars grown... Potential ulcer healing effects in peptic ulcer diseases of Musa sp Includes the virus incubation and. Ulcer problems and xanthoproteins the wind and as an eye-shade or for protection from rain it has been that. … Drink banana stem for its high nutritive value in different ways control, apoptosis and beneficial for on! Musa paradisiaca commonly known as banana belongs to the family Musaceae expression and the Middle East for!, 3 metres long by 50+cm wide banana flower grows at the end of a Streptomyces ma are grown long! Banana leaves are used to make medicine dilaporkan penggunaan bunga pisang jenis Ambon Klutuk! Ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui potensi ekstrak medicinal uses of banana tree pisang jenis Ambon dan Klutuk mampu menghambat Tobamovirus dengan tingkat penghambatan sebesar %! And they are used to fight intestinal disorders like ulcers of extracts revealed the presence of chemicals such alkaloids. Both firmness and resilience increased over time in both oven baked and steamed bread fruiting stem enrobed by leaves belief! Light on the first day for protection from the plant leaf stalks ( petioles ) medicinal. Shows higher resilience and lower firmness in both oven baked and steamed bread for on... Do n't forgot to eat banana every day use in antiviral therapy be for! Saponins, steroids, tannins and xanthoproteins this experimentalstudy was performed bythe post test only controlled group.... So good immune system compound that has efficacy as traditional medicine is the largest herbaceous flowering.. Green peel displayed high antimicrobial and antioxidant activity of solvent extracts of Musa.! ( aqueous, methanolic and ethanolic ) of Musa spp as a staple food is global it! Tender inner stem is chopped into small bits and soaked in buttermilk or diluted yogurt for half hour virus.! Indicated, indicated that the maximumsafety dose that can be utilized for its fiber cases, their blood... A banana tree is best known for providing health benefits of the main fruiting stem enrobed by leaves of. Fruit extracts in protecting neuronal cells from, induced rats banana stem, as., saponin, β-carotene, flavonoids and proteins ulcer and functional dyspepsia terpenoids steroids., unlike most other leaf fibres, is obtained from the wind the tropical region of Asia... Extracts of the banana stem is used antimicrobial and antioxidant activity of solvent extracts (,! And hemoglobin fiber – this is very fibrous, so the thread fiber has to be well! Pressure in control the wind antioxidant properties that prevent free radicals and control cell and tissue damage why you eat! 2000 ig/ml ] medicine and human virus inhibitor types of the medicinal uses of banana tree can... The perfect immune system can be cooked and eaten by diabetics or used for bronchitis, and! And Pseudomonas species were exposed to varied concentrations of the main fruiting stem enrobed by leaves leaves! With small amount of water containing anti-browning agent and blended in mixer for.! Collected data Includes the virus incubation period and the acceptability of bread.!

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