names of highland areas in africa

International Journal of Biodiversity and Conservation Vol. Much of West Africa is composed of ancient crystalline rocks of the BasementComplex which, being resistant to erosion and weathering, form the highlandsof Guinea, Adamawa and Atakora. The main east-west road through the highlands is the A3 (Zimbabwe) - N6 (Mozambique), which connects the port of Beira in Mozambique to Zimbabwe's capital Harare via Chimoio, Manica, and Mutare, with a border crossing at Machipanda. There are 54 countries in Africa today, according to the United Nations. Many of these animals are found throughout East Africa. Malawi, a landlocked country in southeastern Africa. South Africa boasts a variety of cultures, traditions and languages, and parents often choose to name their children according to these distinctions. The East African Highlands physiographic division consists of the East African Rift and Abyssinian physiographic provinces, part of the long chain of mountains that runs down East Africa. The term "coffee" derives from the Arabic qahwah (.mw-parser-output .script-Cprt{font-size:1.25em;font-family:"Segoe UI Historic","Noto Sans Cypriot",Code2001}.mw-parser-output .script-Hano{font-size:125%;font-family:"Noto Sans Hanunoo",FreeSerif,Quivira}.mw-parser-output .script-Latf,.mw-parser-output .script-de-Latf{font-size:1.25em;font-family:"Breitkopf Fraktur",UnifrakturCook,UniFrakturMaguntia,MarsFraktur,"MarsFraktur OT",KochFraktur,"KochFraktur OT",OffenbacherSchwabOT,"LOB.AlteSchwabacher","LOV.AlteSchwabacher","LOB.AtlantisFraktur","LOV.AtlantisFraktur","LOB.BreitkopfFraktur","LOV.BreitkopfFraktur","LOB.FetteFraktur","LOV.FetteFraktur","LOB.Fraktur3","LOV.Fraktur3","LOB.RochFraktur","LOV.RochFraktur","LOB.PostFraktur","LOV.PostFraktur","LOB.RuelhscheFraktur","LOV.RuelhscheFraktur","LOB.RungholtFraktur","LOV.RungholtFraktur","LOB.TheuerbankFraktur","LOV.TheuerbankFraktur","LOB.VinetaFraktur","LOV.VinetaFraktur","LOB.WalbaumFraktur","LOV.WalbaumFraktur","LOB.WeberMainzerFraktur","LOV.WeberMainzerFraktur","LOB.WieynckFraktur","LOV.WieynckFraktur","LOB.ZentenarFraktur","LOV.ZentenarFraktur"}.mw-parser-output .script-en-Latf{font-size:1.25em;font-family:Cankama,"Old English Text MT","Textura Libera","Textura Libera Tenuis",London}.mw-parser-output .script-it-Latf{font-size:1.25em;font-family:"Rotunda Pommerania",Rotunda,"Typographer Rotunda"}.mw-parser-output .script-Lina{font-size:1.25em;font-family:"Noto Sans Linear A"}.mw-parser-output .script-Linb{font-size:1.25em;font-family:"Noto Sans Linear B"}.mw-parser-output .script-Ugar{font-size:1.25em;font-family:"Segoe UI Historic","Noto Sans Ugaritic",Aegean}.mw-parser-output .script-Xpeo{font-size:1.25em;font-family:"Segoe UI Historic","Noto Sans Old Persian",Artaxerxes,Xerxes,Aegean} قهوة)[2] and is traced to Kaffa.[2][3]. The land is very fertile, capable of three harvests a year. The Batian peak is its highest peak. Its name combines the Afrikaans word ‘vlei’ meaning ‘marsh’, and the local Nama word meaning ‘of-no-return’. The Ethiopian montane grasslands and woodlands is the largest of the highland ecoregions, occupying the area between 1,800 and 3,000 meters elevation. Africa is one of the most geographically beautiful continents on the planet, and its deserts are stunning. [5], The highlands have a cooler, moister climate than the surrounding lowlands, which support distinct communities of plants and animals. South Africa– Blue Sky Publications (Pty) Ltd T/A TheSouthAfrican Number: 2005/028472/07. The Eastern Highlands extend north and south for about 300 kilometres (190 mi) through Zimbabwe's Manicaland Province and Mozambique's Manica Province. However even these parks are losing habitat to livestock grazing, while the lower elevation parks (Harar Wildlife Sanctuary, Awash National Park, Omo National Park, and Nechisar National Park) are even less secure. The evergreen broadleaved forest of the Semien Mountains, between 2,300 and 2,700 meters elevation, is dominated by Syzygium guineense, Juniperus procera, and Olea africana. Here are some of the most beautiful African names … Protea gazensis, P. welwitschii, and Leucospermum saxosum are common in the proteaceous heathlands.[5]. The northern portion of the Highlands lies within the Highland council area, while the southern portion belongs to the council areas of Argyll and Bute, Stirling, Perth and Kinross, Angus, Aberdeenshire, Aberdeen City, and Moray. At lower elevations, the highlands are surrounded by tropical savannas and grasslands, including the Sahelian acacia savanna to the northwest and the East Sudanian Savanna to the west. Nigeria is a West African country occupying an area of 923,769 sq. Note 2: Part of Hindu Kush-Himalayas region . Other fauna in the area also includes aardvark, eagle, Egyptian wolf, gelada, secretarybird, Nubian ibex, and marabou stork and Ethiopian endemic species such as the shrew (Crocidura harenna), the narrow-footed woodland mouse (Grammomys minnae), and Menelik's bushbuck (Tragelaphus scriptus meneliki), which is a subspecies with long, dark fur. 4(14), pp. A CONCEPTUAL FRAMEWORK FOR AFRICAN MOUNTAINS AND HIGHLANDS An approach for better understanding mountain and highland ecosystems is shown in Figure 7. Most of the country's major cities are located at elevations of around 2,000–2,500 m (6,600–8,200 ft) above sea level, including historic capitals such as Gondar and Axum. The Southern miombo woodlands ecoregion lies at lower elevations east and west of the highlands. The montane moorlands lie above the tree line, and consist of grassland and moorland with abundant herbs and some shrubs that have adapted to the high mountain conditions. The southeastern portion's highest peaks are located in the Bale Zone of Ethiopia's Oromia Region. The range includes peaks of over 4,000 m. Among these are Mount Tullu Demtu (4,337 m), which is the second-highest major independent mountain in Ethiopia, and Mount Batu (4,307 m). The Choa Mountains rise northeast of the Nyanga mountains in Mozambique. [1] Most of the Ethiopian Highlands are part of central and northern Ethiopia, and its northernmost portion reaches into Eritrea. Urban areas in this ecoregion include: Ethiopia's capital city and Africa's fourth largest city Addis Ababa, the Amhara Region capital Bahir Dar with its island monasteries on Lake Tana, the old walled city of Harar, the spa town of Ambo, Asella in the Arsi Zone, the trekking center of Dodola, the lakeside Debre Zeyit, the largest city in the southwest Jimma, the market town of Nekemte, and the capital of the Tigray Region, Mek'ele. It is sometimes called the Roof of Africa due to its height and large area. At lower elevations, Themeda triandra is the predominant grass on the more fertile red soils, and Loudetia simplex is common on less-fertile white sandy soils. However, much of the original vegetation remains, especially at higher altitudes, which are not suitable for farming. Africa boasts many such plateaus, making it one of the most ideal lands to travel and cultivate. [5] The youngest surface formed in the Cenozoic, being partly covered by the Ethiopia-Yemen Continental Flood Basalts. The high areas of Darfur in Sudan (more than 10,000 feet) and of Mount Cameroon (13,435 feet) are volcanic in origin and are… It is located on the Zimbabwean side of the Mutare Gap, a saddle between the Nyanga and Bvumba mountains. The northwestern portion, which covers the Tigray and Amhara Regions, includes the Semien Mountains, part of which has been designated the Simien Mountains National Park. The continent, composed largely of a vast rigid block of ancient rocks, has geologically young mountains at its extremities in the highlands of the Atlas Mountains in the northwest and the Cape ranges in the south. The lower portion of the Harenna Forest is a distinct woodland community, with an open canopy of Warburgia ugandensis, Croton macrostachyus, and Syzygium guineense, and Afrocarpus gracilior, with wild coffee (Coffea arabica) as the dominant understory shrub. [2][3], The Chimanimani Mountains lie south of the Mussapa Pequeno River, which divides them from the Tandara plateau. The Nyanga Mountains in the north contain Zimbabwe's highest mountain Mount Nyangani (2,592 m), and Mutarazi Falls, Africa's second-longest waterfall. in much of Africa are insufficient (Figure 6), we have to come to the conclusion that the mountainous areas will be increasingly integrated in demographic, agricultural, and political processes. [6] These heavy rains cause the Nile to flood in the summer, a phenomenon that puzzled the ancient Greeks, as the summer is the driest season in the Mediterranean climate that they knew. The answer to the very thought-provoking question asked, the Republic of Kenya got its name from Mount Kenya. The Ethiopian Highlands is a rugged mass of mountains in Ethiopia, situated in northeast part of Africa. Weyna dega is a woodland found in moister and higher locations, dominated by the conifers Afrocarpus gracilior and Juniperus procera. The lowlands of the Bushveld are home to some of Africa's most famous big-game animals, including rhinos, elephants, water … The Bushveld of Africa is an open landscape of grass and shrub with mild winters and hot, dry summers. Chimanimani national reserve: management plan. A number of indigenous monocot lilies with small distribution ranges occur in the highlands. Note 1: A peak included in the "Eastern Pamirs" more often than in the Kunlun Mountains, as Kongur Tagh and the Kunlun range are separated by the large Yarkand River valley; no valley of such significance separates the Pamirs and Kongur Tagh, just political boundaries. Large areas of the highlands are protected, including Nyanga National Park in the Nyanga Mountains, Bunga Forest Botanical Reserve in the Bvumba Mountains, and Zimbabwe's 171 km2 Chimanimani National Park and Mozambique's Chimanimani National Reserve in the Chimanimani Mountains. This rifting gave rise to large alkaline basalt shield volcanoes beginning about 30–31 million years ago. More widespread mammals found here include the mantled guereza (Colobus guereza), which is also threatened as its habitat disappears as does that of many other mammals of the highlands such as olive baboon (Papio anubis), Egyptian wolf (Canis aureus), leopard (Panthera pardus), lion (Panthera leo), spotted hyena (Crocuta crocuta), caracal (Caracal caracal), serval (Leptailurus serval), common duiker (Sylvicapra grimmia), and giant forest hog (Hylochoerus meinertzhageni). The ecoregion is home to several plant communities: submontane and montane grasslands, moist evergreen forest, dry montane forest, miombo woodlands, and heathlands. On the continent of Africa… Other endemics include the big-headed mole-rat (Tachyoryctes macrocephalus) which is common on the Sanetti Plateau in the Bale Mountains. Frequent wildfires control and revitalize the flora. Above 3,000 meters elevation lie the high Ethiopian montane moorlands, the largest afroalpine region in Africa. [3], The Rusitu-Tanganda fault, an east-west rift that carries the eastward-flowing Rusitu River and the westward flowing Tanganda River, marks the southern end of the Chimanimani Mountains. Anglophone Africa includes five countries in West Africa (The Gambia, Sierra Leone, Liberia, Ghana, and the most populous African country Nigeria, as well as a part of Cameroon) that are separated by Francophone countries, South Sudan, and a large continuous area in Southern Africa … Awash National Park is a site for birdwatching. It is sometimes called the Roof of Africa for its height and large area. The highlands themselves are divided into three distinct ecoregions, distinguished by elevation. There are patches of the tall evergreen Mobola Plum Parinari curatellifolia near the town of Chipinge and on the western slopes of the Nyanga Highlands. Lake Tana, the source of the Blue Nile, also lies in the northwestern portion of the Ethiopian Highlands. Around 30 million years ago, a flood basalt plateau began to form, piling layers upon layers of voluminous fissure-fed basaltic lava flows. The mountain nyala finds its way up to the high moorlands although it is more common at lower elevations. These two species are only found on the northern side of the valley, while another rare endemic, the mountain nyala (Tragelaphus buxtoni) is restricted to the southern side, and now survives at higher altitudes than its original habitat since the lower slopes are heavily farmed. The Chirinda apalis lives deep in the evergreen forests, while Roberts's warbler inhabits the forest edge.[5]. Zimbabwe's agricultural Honde Valley lies southeast of the Nyanga range, and leads into Mozambique. The Highlands are home to the Eastern Zimbabwe montane forest-grassland mosaic ecoregion. The ecoregion includes the portion of the highlands above 1000 meters elevation, including the Inyangani Mountains, Bvumba Mountains, Chimanimani Mountains, Chipinge Uplands, and the isolated Mount Gorongosa further east in Mozambique. Other articles where East African Highlands is discussed: Nile River: …on the south by the East African Highlands, which include Lake Victoria, a Nile source; and on the west by the less well-defined watershed between the Nile, Chad, and Congo basins, extending northwest to include the Marrah Mountains of Sudan, the Al-Jilf al-Kabīr Plateau of Egypt, and the Libyan Desert Lake Nyasa, known in Malawi as Lake Malawi, accounts for more than one-fifth of the country’s total area. Planum km. Coordinates: 18°43′23″S 32°50′31″E / 18.723°S 32.842°E / -18.723; 32.842, mountain range in Zimbabwe and Mozambique, Map of the Eastern Zimbabwe montane forest-grassland mosaic, Eastern Zimbabwe montane forest-grassland mosaic. Sometimes names are not what they seem. The term that was used consistently was “White South Africa” as the Government aimed to move every Black person to his or her respective ethnic homeland in order to have South Africa completely in the hands of the White population. 7. [4], The northern Ethiopian Highlands contain four discernible planation surfaces, the oldest one being formed not later than in the Ordovician Period. The mountains and mountain ranges that make up the East African Highlands share many common plant and animal species and communities, known as Afromontane flora and fauna. Map of Mountains, Highlands, and Lowlands of Africa and Australia, 1888 from the maps web site. Note: Range borders shown on map are an approximation and are not authoritative. [6], The highlands are also rich in birdlife[7] including trumpeter hornbill (Bycanistes bucinator), Knysna turaco (Tauraco corythaix), purple-crested turaco (Tauraco porphyreolophus), crested guineafowl (Guttera pucherani) and crowned eagle (Stephanoaetus coronatus). Ghiurghi, Andrea & Dondeyne, S. & Bannerman, J.. (2010). Likewise, the Great Rift, formed 50 million years ago by volcanic activity, also extends across most of eastern Africa and bisects Ethiopia's central mountainous plateau from roughly the southwest to the northeast, creating two highland areas. The ecoregion includes the portion of the highlands above 1000 meters elevation, including the Inyangani Mountains, Bvumba Mountains, Chimanimani Mountains, Chipinge Uplands, and the isolated Mount Gorongosa further east in Mozambique. The natural vegetation was closed-canopy forest in moister areas, and grassland, bushland, and thicket in drier areas. Mussapa Gap is a pass through the mountains that follows the eastward-flowing Mussapa Grande River and westward-flowing Nyanyadzi River. The Chimanimani range consists of a high plateau with several ridges running north and south. Humid areas are moist and tropical, and they are located in western and central Africa. The Bale Mountains, also designated a national park, are nearly as high as those of Semien. Two distinct highland areas exist in the country. Seasonal fluctuations in a region's climate, rather than consistently high annual temperatures or levels of rainfall, play an important role in causing malaria epidemics in the African highlands, a new research paper by University at Buffalo biologists reports. Mapaure, Isaac (2012). [5] The eastern slope is drained by Mozambique's Buzi and Pungwe rivers. Further, these mountains catch the precipitation of the monsoon winds of the Indian Ocean, resulting in a rainy season that lasts from June until mid-September. The Highlands have a more equable climate than Zimbabwe's central plateau, with higher rainfall, low cloud and heavy mists and dew as moisture moves inland from the Indian Ocean. The farmland is home to many butterflies, especially Papilio, Charaxinae, Pieridae and Lycaenidae. The Sahara Desert, covering most of North Africa, is the second largest desert in the world. Other Ranges: To go to pages for other ranges either click on the map above, or on range names in the hierarchy snapshot below, which show the parent, siblings, and children of the West Africa … The southwesterly winds bring rainfall from May to October with moisture from the Red Sea coming in from the east year round. In the southern parts of the Ethiopian Highlands once was located the Kingdom of Kaffa, a medieval early modern state, whence the coffee plant was exported to the Arabian Peninsula. Gaelic customs and language survive in the Highlands. Accessed 17 June 2018, Ian Sinclair, Birds of Southern Africa, Struik Publishers 1996, Reptiles and frogs of the Eastern Highlands, Zimbabwe montane forest-grassland mosaic (terrestrial ecoregion), Zimbabwe Highlands (freshwater ecoregion), "Eastern Zimbabwe montane forest-grassland mosaic", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Eastern_Highlands&oldid=985146929, Short description is different from Wikidata, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 24 October 2020, at 07:19. This variety of different types of habitat results in a richness of animal life too. See also. Agricultural Burma Valley lies south and east of the Bvumba Mountains. These slopes are home to a number of endemic wildlife species, including the endangered walia ibex (Capra walie) and the gelada baboon, whose thick fur allows it to thrive in the cooler climates of the mountains. Situated south of Mutare Nyanyadzi River of north Africa, is an open of... 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